Department of Economics


Publications of Prof. Dr. Muhammad Afzal

Research Papers Published in Journals of International Repute

  • Samia Nasreen, Mehwish Gulzar, Muhammad Afzal and Muhammad Umar Farooq (2023), The role of corruption, transparency, and regulations on Asian Banks’ performance: An empirical analysis, Journal of the Knowledge Economy

  • Shazia Kousar, Farhan Ahmed, Muhammad Afzal and Juan E. Trinidad Segovia (2023), Is government spending in the education and health sector necessary for human capital development?, Humanities and Social Sciences Communications, Volume 10, No. 01, pp. 1-11.

  • Hafsah Batool, Muhammad Afzal (2022), Women’s empowerment in context of socio-economic elements: A contextual investigation of Central Punjab, Pakistan, Pakistan Economic Review, Volume 5, No. 2 (Winter 2022), pp. 98-125.

  • Rubab Aslam Malik, Hafsah Batool and Muhammad Afzal (2022), Determinants of women entrepreneurship mindset in achieving sustainable development: A case study of Lahore, Pakistan. Journal of Positive School Psychology, Volume 6, No. 12, pp. 1665-1688.

  • Irum Sajjad Dar, Muhammad Afzal, Sadia Khalil and Maira Shamim (2022), Comparison of Shrinkage and Feature Selection Methods for modeling GDP of Pakistan. Journal of Statistics & Management Systems, Volume 25, No. 4, pp. 957- 969.

  • Shazia Kousar, Muhammad Afzal, Farhan Ahmad and Stefan Bojnec (2022), Enviromental awareness and air quality: The mediating role of environmental protective behaviors. Sustainability, Volume 14, No. 6, pp. 1-20.

  • Hafsah Batool and Muhammad Afzal (2021), Role of women's empowerment in achieving Sustainable Development Goals: Empirical evidence from Central Punjab-Pakistan. Webology, Volume 18, No. 6, pp. 6778-6809.

  • Hafsah Batool and Muhammad Afzal (December 2021), Regional diversity of Sustainable Economic Development in Province Punjab of Pakistan. Indian Journal of Economics and Business, Volume 20, No. 4, pp. 1999-2015.
  • Muhammad Afzal, Shamim Rafique and Farhan Hameed (2015), Measurement of living standards deprivation in Punjab using AF method (Periodical comparison approach). The Pakistan Development Review, Volume 54, No. 4, Part I & II (Winter), pp. 739-763.
  • Mian M. Akram, and Muhammad Afzal (2015), Dynamic role of Zakat in alleviating poverty: A case study of Pakistan. Research Journal Social Sciences, Volume 4, No. 1, pp. 1-25.

  • Muhammad Afzal, Ishrat Begum, Hina Fatima and Kafeel Sarwar (2015), Private financial returns to education for employees of financial institutions in Lahore: Microeconometric analysis. Journal of Elementary Education, Volume 25, No. 1, pp. 107-133.

  • Muhammad Afzal, (2014), Microeconometric analysis of earnings oriented educational system of Lahore (Pakistan). Pakistan Economic and Social Review, Volume 52, No. 2 (Winter 2014), pp. 227-256.
  • Muhammad Afzal, Muhammad Gulfam Arshed and Kafeel Sarwar (2013), Education, health, food inflation and economic growth in Pakistan. Pakistan Economic and Social Review, Volume 51, No. 2 (Winter 2013), pp. 109-138.

  • Sarwar, Muhammad Afzal, M. Shafiq and H. Rehman (2013), Institutions and economic growth in South Asia. Journal of Quality and Technology Management, Volume IX, Issue 2 (December), pp. 01-23.

  • Muhammad Afzal, Abdul Rauf Butt, Rafaqat Ali Akbar and Seemab Roshi (2013), Gender disparity in Pakistan: A case of middle and secondary education in Punjab. Journal of Research and Reflections in Education, Volume 7, Issues 2, pp.113-124.

  • Muhammad Afzal, Muhammad Ehsan Malik, A. Rauf Butt and Kalsoom Fatima (2013), Openness, inflation and growth relationships in Pakistan: An application of ARDL Bounds Testing Approach. Pakistan Economic and Social Review, Volume 51, No. 1 (Summer), pp. 13-53.

  • Muhammad Afzal, M. Shafiq, N. Ahmad, H. M. Qasim and K. Sarwar (2013), Education, poverty and economic growth in South Asia: A panel data analysis. Journal of Quality and Technology Management, Volume IX, Issue I (June), pp. 131-154.

  • Muhammad Afzal, Muhammad Ehsan Malik, Ishrat Begum, Kafeel Sarwar and Hina Fatima (2012), Relationship among education, poverty and economic growth in Pakistan: An econometric analysis. Journal of Elementary Education, Volume 22, No. 1, pp. 23-45.

  • Muhammad Afzal, Hafeez ur Rehman, Muhammad Shahid Farooq and Kafeel Sarwar (2011), Education and economic growth in Pakistan: A cointegration and causality analysis. International Journal of Educational Research, Volume 50, Issues 5-6, pp. 321-335 [fall in JCR 2016 & 2017 with Impact Factor = 0.930].

  • Muhammad Afzal (2011), Microeconometric analysis of private returns to education and determinants of earnings. Pakistan Economic and Social Review, Volume 49, No. 1 (Summer), pp. 39-68.

  • Muhammad Afzal, M. S. Farooq, M. I. Khalid and N. Akhtar (2010), Household characteristics and primary school education: A case of Province Punjab-Pakistan. Journal of Quality and Technology Management, Volume VI, Issue II (December), pp. 17-42.

  • Muhammad Ilyas, Hafiz Khalil Ahmad, Muhammad Afzal and Tahir Mahmood (2010), Determinants of manufacturing value added in Pakistan: An application of Bounds Testing Approach to Cointegration. Pakistan Economic and Social Review, Volume 48, No. 2 (Winter), pp. 209-223.
  • Muhammad Afzal, Muhammad Shahid Farooq, Hafiz Khalil Ahmad, Ishrat Begum and M. Abdul Quddus (2010), Relationship between school education and economic growth in Pakistan: ARDL bounds testing approach to cointegration. Pakistan Economic and Social Review, Volume 48, No. 1 (Summer), pp. 39-60.
  • Hafiz Khalil Ahmad, Muhammad Ilyas, Tahir Mahmood and Muhammad Afzal (2010), Exploring the effect of total factor productivity growth on future output growth: Evidence from a panel of East Asian countries. Pakistan Economic and Social Review, Volume 48, No. 1 (Summer), pp. 105-122.
  • A. Akhtar, F. Jalil, M. S. Farooq, Muhammad Afzal and M. U. Awan (2010), Effect of leadership and academic culture on implementation of Self Assessment Manual in public sector universities of Pakistan. Journal of Quality and Technology Management, Volume VI, Issue I (June), pp. 135-152.

  • Muhammad Afzal, A. Rauf Butt, Hafeez ur Rehman and Ishrat Begum (2009), A dynamic analysis of the relationship among human development, exports and economic growth in Pakistan. The Pakistan Development Review, Volume 48, No. 4, Part II (Winter), pp. 885-920.
  • Muhammad Afzal, Hafeez ur Rehman and Ishrat Begum (2006), An analysis of the relationship between debt burden and human resource development: A case study of Pakistan. GCU Economic Journal (GC University, Lahore), Volume XXXVIII, No. 1&2, pp. 1-28.
  • Hafeez ur Rehman and Muhammad Afzal (2003), The J curve phenomenon: An evidence from Pakistan. Pakistan Economic and Social Review, Volume XLI, No. 1&2, pp. 45-58.
  • Hafeez ur Rehman and Muhammad Afzal (2003), The black market exchange rate and stability of demand for money in Pakistan. Pakistan Economic and Social Review, Volume XLI, No. 1&2, pp. 13-28.
  • Shaukat Ali Shahid, Hafeez ur Rehman and Muhammad Afzal (2002), Economic options for agricultural production in saline areas of Pakistan. Pakistan Economic and Social Review, Volume XL, No. 2 (Winter), pp. 89-120.
  • Muhammad Afzal, Hafeez ur Rehman and A. Rauf Butt (2002), Forecasting: A dilemma of modules (A comparison of theory based and theory free approaches). Pakistan Economic and Social Review, Volume XL, No. 1 (Summer), pp. 1-18.
  • Muhammad Afzal (2002), A Comparison of the Forecasting Performance of Regression Models with Univariate Non-Seasonal ARIMA Time Series Models. Published Phil. thesis, Department of Economics, GC University, Lahore.

  • Muhammad Afzal (2013), Private Returns to Education and Determinants of Earnings: An Econometric Analysis. Published D. thesis, Department of Economics, University of the Punjab, Lahore.



  1. Afzal, Muhammad. (2014). Forecasting performance: The case of Pakistan’s exports. Germany: LAMBERT Academic Publishing.

  2. Afzal, Muhammad. (2014). Private returns to education and determinants of earnings: An econometric analysis. Germany: LAMBERT Academic Publishing.

  3. Afzal, Muhammad. Tafheem Moashiat for Intermediate Part I: A helping book for Intermediate level students in Urdu Language.

  4. Afzal, Muhammad. Tafheem Moashiat for Intermediate Part II: A helping book for Intermediate level students in Urdu Language. 

Book Chapter  

  1. A chapter on “Public Debt: Effective Political Tool of Economy in Pakistan” by Muhammad Afzal published in Hasnat, S. F., & Faruqui, A. (Eds.). (2008), Pakistan Unresolved Issues of State and Society (First edition). Lahore/Karachi/Islamabad: Vanguard Books Pvt. Ltd. 

Working Papers 

  1. Mian M. Akram and Muhammad Afzal (2014), Dynamic Role of Zakat in Alleviating Poverty: A Case Study of Pakistan. MPRA Paper No. 56013, posted UNSPECIFIED. 

Publications of Dr. Samia Nasreen

  1. Sudhi Sharma, Aviral Kumar Tiwari, Samia Nasreen (2022). Are FinTech, Robotics, and Blockchain index funds providing diversifcation opportunities with emerging markets?Lessons from pre and post outbreak of COVID-19. Electronic Commerce Research, Impact Factor, 2.507.

  2. Samia Nasreen, Aviral Kumar Tiwari, Zhuhua Jiang, Seong-Min Yoon (2022). Dependence Structure between Bitcoin and Economic Policy Uncertainty: Evidence from Time–Frequency Quantile-Dependence Methods. International Journal of Financial Studies, 10,49.

  3. Ramsh Saleem, Samia Nasreen, Sidrah Azam (2022). Role of financial inclusion and export diversification in determining green growth: evidence from SAARC economies. Environmental Science and Pollution Research., Impact factor 4.223.

  4. Ahmed H. Elsayed, Nader Naifar, Samia Nasreen (2022). Financial stability and monetary policy reaction: Evidence from the GCC countries. Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance. factor 2.619.

  5. Ahmed H. Elsayed, Nader Naifar, Samia Nasreen, Aviral Kumar Tiwari (2022). Dependence structure and dynamic connectedness between green bonds and financial markets: Fresh insights from time-frequency analysis before and during COVID-19 pandemic. Energy Economics 10, 105842, impact factor 7.042.

  6. Aviral Kumar Tiwari, Samia Nasreen, Muhammad Awais Anwar (2022). Impact of Equity Market Development on Renewable Energy Consumption: Do the Role of FDI, Trade Openness and Economic Growth Matter in Asian Economies? Journal of cleaner Production, 334, 130244. Impact factor, 9.297.

  7. Niyati Bhanja, Samia Nasreen, Arif Billah Dar, Aviral Kumar Tiwari (2022). Connectedness in International Crude Oil Markets, Computational Economics, 59(1), 227-262,impact factor, 1.317.

  8. Samia Nasreen, Aviral Kumar Tiwari, Seong-Min Yoon (2021). Dynamic Connectedness and Portfolio  Diversification during the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic: Evidence from the Cryptocurrency Market. Sustainability, 13, 7672. 10.3390/su13147672. Impact factor, 3.251.

  9. Muhammad Awais Anwar, Samia Nasreen, Aviral Kumar Tiwari (2021). Forestation, Renewable Energy and Environmental Quality: Empirical Evidence from Belt and Road Initiative Economies. Journal of Environmental Management, 291,112684, impact factor,5.647.

  10. Syed Ale Raza Shah, Syed Asif Ali Naqvi, Samia Nasreen, Nasir Abbas (2021). Associating drivers of economic development with environmental degradation: Fresh evidence from Western Asia and North African region, Ecological Indicators, 126, 107638, impact factor, 4.229.

  11. Samia Nasreen, Fatima Mubashir, Muhammad Awais Anwar (2021). Foreign Direct Investment, Financial Development and Economic Growth: New Empirical Evidence from Pakistan, International Journal of Innovation, Creativity and Change, 15(4), 653-675.

  12. Samia Nasreen (2021), Association between Health Expenditures, Economic Growth and Environmental Pollution: Long-run and Causality Analysis from Asian Economies. International Journal of Health Planning and Management (accepted) impact factor:1.367.

  13. Muhammad Khalid Naeem, Sofia Anwar, Samia Nasreen (2021). Empirical analysis of CO2 emissions and sustainable use of energy sources in Pakistan. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, DOI:, impact factor, 3.056.

  14. Niyati Bhanja, Samia Nasreen, Arif Billah Dar, Aviral Kumar Tiwari (2021). Connectedness in International Crude Oil Markets, Computational Economics, DOI:, impact factor, 1.317.

  15. Aviral Kumar Tiwari, Samia Nasreen, Shawkat Hammoudeh, Refk Selmi (2021), Dynamic Dependence of Oil, Clean energy and the Role of Technology Companies: New Evidence from Copulas with Regime Switching, Energy, 119590, impact factor, 5.747.

  16. Aisha Nazir, Sofia Anwar, Samia Nasreen (2020). Tax-structure and economic growth: Middle-income Asian countries analysis, Forman Journal of Economic Studies, (16), 53-80.

  17. Aviral Kumar Tiwari, Samia Nasreen Zahid Iqbal (2020). Nexus between tourism and environmental pollution in South Asia: a comparative analysis using time-varying and non-parametric techniques, Current Issues in Tourism, DOI: 10.1080/13683500.2020.1862070, impact factor, 4.147.

  18. Aviral Kumar Tiwari, Samia Nasreen, Subhan Ullah, Muhammad Shahbaz (2020), Analysing spillover between returns and volatility series of oil across major stock markets, International Journal of Finance and Economics, DOI: 10.1002/ijfe.1916, impact factor, 0.943.

  19. Ahmed H. Elsayed, Samia Nasreen, Aviral Kumar Tiwari (2020), Time-varying co-movements between energy market and global financial markets: Implication for portfolio diversification and hedging strategies. Energy Economics, 90,104847, impact factor, 5.203.

  20. Samia Nasreen, Mantu Kumar Mahalik, Muhammad Shahbaz, Qaisar Abbas (2020), How do financial globalization, institutions and economic growth impact financial sector development in European countries? Research in International Business and Finance, 54, 101247, impact factor,1.801.

  21. Samia Nasreen, Syed Asif Ali Naqvi, Aviral Kumar Tiwari, Shawkat Hammoudeh and  Syed Ale Raza Shah (2020). A Wavelet-Based Analysis of the Co-Movement between Sukuk Bonds and Shariah Stock Indices in the GCC Region: Implications for Risk Diversification. Journal of Risk and Financial Management,13(4), 63; doi:10.3390/jrfm13040063.

  22. Samia Nasreen, Sofia Anwar (2020), Financial Stability and the Role of Economic and Financial Integration in South Asia: Evidence from Time-Series Data, Singapore Economic Review, 65(2), 303-333, impact factor 0.23.

  23. Samia Nasreen, Aviral Kumar Tiwari, Juncal Cunado Eizaguirre , Mark E. Wohar (2020). Dynamic connectedness between oil prices and stock returns of clean energy and technology companies. Journal of Cleaner Production,260, 121015, impact factor 6.395.

  24. Samia Nasreen, Mounir Ben Mbarek, Muhammad Atiq-ur-Rehman (2020). Long-run causal relationship between economic growth, transport energy consumption and environmental quality in Asian countries: Evidence from heterogenous panel methods, Energy, 192, 116628., impact factor  5.537.

  25. Aviral Kumar Tiwari, Samia Nasreen, Muhammad Shahbaz, Shawkat Hammoudeh (2020), Analysing the time and frequency connectedness and time-frequency causality among international prices of energy, food, industry, agriculture and metals, Energy Economics, 85, 104529, impact factor 5.203.

  26. Zaghum Umar, Samia Nasreen, Sakiru Adebola Solarin, Aviral Kumar Tiwari (2019), Exploring the time and frequency domain connectedness of oil prices and metal prices, Resource Policy, 64, 1011516, impact factor, 3.185.

  27. Samia Nasreen, Sofia Anwar (2019), Financial Stability and Monetary Policy Reaction Function for South Asian Countries: An Econometric Approach, Singapore Economic Review, 1-30, impact factor 0.633.

  28. Samia Nasreen, Samir Saidi, Ilhan Ozturk (2018), Assessing links between energy consumption, freight transport and economic growth: Evidence from dynamic simultaneous-equations models, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25(17),16825-16841,  impact factor, 2.714.

  29. Samia Nasreen, Sofia Anwar (2018), How Financial Stability Affects Economic Development in South Asia: A Panel Data Analysis, European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences, 7(1), 54-66.

  30. Sadia Ali, Sofia Anwar, Samia Nasreen (2017), Renewable and Non-Renewable Energy and its Impact on Environmental Quality in South Asian Countries, Forman Journal of Economic Studies,13, 177-194.

  31. Sofia Anwar, Hina Shehzadi, Samia Nasreen (2017), Determinants of Financial Development for Selected SAARC Countries: A Panel Data Analysis, Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological sciences, 7(7),109-118.

  32. Sofia Anwar, Farzana Hashmi, Samia Nasreen (2017), Impact of Environmental Degradation and Income Inequality on Health Status in South Asian Countries, Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences, 7(6),178-190.

  33. Samia Nasreen, Sofia Anwar and Ilhan Ozturk (2017), Financial Stability, Energy Consumption and Environmental Quality: Evidence from South Asian Economies, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 67, 1105-1122, Impact Factor 6.85. 

  34. Mariam Shahzadi, Muhammad Faraz Riaz, Sofia Anwar, Samia Nasreen (2017), How Unequal is the Size of Middle Class in the Rural Urban Areas of Punjab Province Evidence from Micro Data Analysis ,International Journal of Social Economics, 44(2), 253 – 266.

  35. Mounir Ben Mbarek, Samia Nasreen & Rochdi Feki (2017), The contribution of nuclear energy to economic growth in France: short and long run, Quantity and Quality, 51(1),219-238, Impact Factor 0.867. 

  36. Muhammad Shahbaz, Samia Nasreen, Khalid Ahmed and Shawkat Hammoudeh (2017), Trade Openness-Carbon Emissions Nexus: The Importance of Turning Points of Trade Openness for Country Panels, Energy Economics, 61:221-232, Impact Factor 2.86. 

  37. Muhammad Shahbaz, Samia Nasreen and ilhan Ozturk (2016). FDI, Growth and CO2 Emissions Relationship: Evidence from High, Middle and Low Income Countries. Bulletin of Energy Economics, 4(1):54-69. 

  38. Samia Nasreen and Sofia Anwar (2015), Financial stability and Macroeconomic Environment: Evidence from Panel data Analysis of South Asian Countries, Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 35(1), 145-160.

  39. Samia Nasreen and Sofia Anwar (2015), How Economic and Financial Integration Affects Financial Stability in South Asia: Evidence from Panel Cointegration Analysis. Journal of Applied Economic Sciences, 10 (32), 207-221.

  40. Samia Nasreen and Sofia Anwar (2015), The Impact of Economic and Financial Development on Environmental Degradation, An Empirical Assessment of EKC Hypothesis. Studies in Economics and Finance, 32(4), 484-502.

  41. Samia Nasreen and Sofia Anwar (2015), Institutions, Investment and Economic Growth: A Cross-Country and Panel Data Study. Singapore Economic Review, 60(4), 1-19.

  42. Muhammad Shahbaz, Samia Nasreen, Faisal Abass and Anis Omri (2015), Does foreign direct investment impede environmental quality in high, middle and low-income countries? Energy Economics, 51, 275-287. Impact factor 2.708.

  43. Magda Kandil, Muhammad Shahbaz, Samia Nasreen (2015), The Interaction between Globalization and Financial Development: New Evidence from Panel Cointegration and Causality analysis. Empirical Economics, 49(4), 1317-1339, Impact Factor 0.693.
  44. Samia Nasreen and Sofia Anwar (2014), Foreign Direct Investment, Growth and Local Financial Markets: New Evidence from Pakistan. International Journal of Business and Economics, 7 (3), 336-348.
  45. Muhammad Shahbaz, Samia Nasreen, Talat Afza,  (2014). Environmental Consequences of Economic Growth and Foreign Direct Investment: Evidence from Panel Data Analysis. Bulletin of Energy Economics, 2(2),14-27.
  46. Muhammad Shahbaz, Samia Nasreen, Chong Hui Ling and Rashid Sbia (2014), Causality between Trade Openness and Energy Consumption: What Causes What in High, Middle and Low Income Countries? Energy Policy, 70, 126-143, Impact factor: 2.743.
  47. Samia Nasreen and Sofia Anwar (2014), Causal Relationship between Trade Openness, Economic Growth and Energy Consumption: A Panel Data Analysis of Asian Countries. Energy Policy, 69, 82-91, impact factor: 2.743.
  48. Samia Nasreen  and Awais Anwar Rana (2014), Political Risk and Foreign Direct Investment: Evidence from Pakistan Economy. International Journal of Economics and Social Research,  4(1), 24-36.
  49. Awais Anwar Rana , Samia Nasreen and Muhammad Akram Ch. (2013).Patterns of Trade and Its Future Prospects in Pakistan: A Time-Series Analysis. British Journal of Arts and Social Sciences, 13(2), 234-249.
  50. Samia Nasreen and Sofia Anwar (2013), Maternal and Child Nutritional Status in Bangladesh: Evidence from Demographic and Health Survey data. Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Science, 11(1), 77-84.
  51. Sofia Anwar, Ghulam Shabbir and Samia Nasreen (2012), Time-Series Analysis of the Relationship between Financial Sector Development and Social Sector Development: Evidence from Pakistan. The Empirical Economic Letters, 11(8), 879-888.
  52. Sofia Anwar, Majid Ali Rana and Samia  Nasreen (2012), Evaluation of the Contribution of Public Health Expenditure on Health in Pakistan: A Time-Series Analysis. The Empirical Economic Letters, 11 (10), 1017-1026.
  53. Samia Nasreen, Sofia Anwar and Nisar Ahmad (2012), Health Status, Income Inequality and Institutions: Evidence from Pakistan Economy. Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Science, 10 (2), 139-144.
  54. Samia Nasreen and Hafeez ur Rehman (2012), Export-led Growth Hypothesis in South Asian Region: An Empirical Analysis. The Empirical Economic Letters, 11 (12), 1201-1214.
  55. Nabila Asghar, Samia Nasreen and Hafeez ur Rehman (2012), Relationship between FDI and Economic Growth in Selected Asian Countries: A Panel Data Analysis. Review of Economics and Finance, 1, 84-96.
  56. Samia Nasreen (2011), Export-led Growth Hypothesis in Selected Asian Developing Countries: Evidence from Panel Data Analysis. Asian Journal of Empirical Research, 1(1), 1-13. 

Publications of Dr. Shazia Kousar

  1. Ahmed, F., Kousar, S., Pervaiz, A., & Shabbir, A. (2022). Do institutional quality and financial development affect sustainable economic growth? Evidence from South Asian countries. Borsa Istanbul Review22(1), 189-196.

    2. Kousar, S., Shabbir, A., & Shafqat, R. (2022). Investigation of socioeconomic determinants on child death in South Asian countries: A panel cointegration analysis. OMEGA-Journal of Death and Dying84(3), 811-836.

    3. Abbas, S., Kousar, S., & Khan, M. S. (2022). The role of climate change in food security; empirical evidence over Punjab regions, Pakistan. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 1-19.

    4. Kousar, S., Afzal, M., Ahmed, F., & Bojnec, Š. (2022). Environmental awareness and air quality: The mediating role of Environmental protective behaviors. Sustainability14(6), 3138.

    5. Alam, M. Z., Kousar, S., Rizwan Ullah, M., & Pervaiz, A. (2022). How creative destruction functions in corporate entrepreneurial process: an empirical investigation of Schumpeterian concept in engineering firm settings in Pakistan. Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship11(1), 1-15.

    6. Ahmed, F., Ali, I., Kousar, S., & Ahmed, S. (2022). The environmental impact of industrialization and foreign direct investment: empirical evidence from Asia-Pacific region. Environmental Science and Pollution Research29(20), 29778-29792.

    7. Arslan, Z., Kousar, S., Kannaiah, D., Shabbir, M. S., Khan, G. Y., & Zamir, A. (2022). The mediating role of green creativity and the moderating role of green mindfulness in the relationship among clean environment, clean production, and sustainable growth. Environmental Science and Pollution Research29(9), 13238-13252.

    8. Ahmed, F., Kousar, S., Pervaiz, A., Trinidad-Segovia, J. E., del Pilar Casado-Belmonte, M., & Ahmed, W. (2022). Role of green innovation, trade and energy to promote green economic growth: a case of South Asian Nations. Environmental Science and Pollution Research29(5), 6871-6885.

    9. Batool, A., Hasan, H., & Kousar, S. (2022). Influence of Tax Awareness, Simplicity, and Knowledge on Voluntary Tax Compliance in Pakistan: The Mediating and Moderating Role of Tax Fairness and Social Norms. Pakistan Journal of Economic Studies (PJES)5(1), 53-91.

    10. Tabassum, R., Kousar, S., & Aziz, F. (2022). Faculty Professional Development and Use of ICT as Moderators between Quality of Education and SLO’s of Primary School Students. Indian Journal of Economics and Business21(2).

    11. Kousar, S. (2022). Asymmetric effect of oil prices on export performance: the role of export financing schemes in Pakistan. 670216917.

    12. Abrar, M., Abbas, S., Kousar, S., & Mushtaq, M. (2022). Investigation on the Effects of Customer Knowledge, Political Support, and Innovation on the Growth of Islamic Banking System: a Case Study of Pakistan. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 1-20.

    13. Abbas, S., Kousar, S., Shirazi, S. A., Yaseen, M., & Latif, Y. (2022). Illuminating empirical evidence of climate change: Impacts on rice production in the punjab regions, Pakistan. Agricultural Research11(1), 32-47.

    14. Kousar, S., Ahmed, F., Pervaiz, A., & Bojnec, Š. (2021). Food Insecurity, Population Growth, Urbanization and Water Availability: The Role of Government Stability. Sustainability13(22), 12336.

    15. Husain Tahir, S., Kousar, S., Ahmed, F., & Rizwan Ullah, M. (2021). Impact of economic freedom on air pollution: configuration analysis of Asia-Pacific region. Environmental Science and Pollution Research28(35), 47932-47941.

    16. Zafar, M., Sabir, S. A., Manzoor, S., Isran, M. A., & Kousar, S. (2021). An Application of VECM to Investigate the Role of Socio-Economic Factors in Poverty: New Evidence from Pakistan. Estudios de economía aplicada39(2), 14.

    17. Abbas, S., & Kousar, S. (2021). Spatial analysis of drought severity and magnitude using the standardized precipitation index and streamflow drought index over the Upper Indus Basin, Pakistan. Environment, Development and Sustainability23(10), 15314-15340.

    18. Kousar, S., & Shabbir, A. (2021). Analysis of environmental degradation mechanism in the nexus among energy consumption and poverty in Pakistan. Environmental Science and Pollution Research28(22), 27528-27541.

    19. Abbas, S., Kousar, S., & Pervaiz, A. (2021). Effects of energy consumption and ecological footprint on CO2 emissions: an empirical evidence from Pakistan. Environment, Development and Sustainability23(9), 13364-13381.

    20. Kousar, S., Ahmed, F., López García, M. D. L. N., & Ashraf, N. (2020). Renewable energy consumption, water crises, and environmental degradation with moderating role of governance: Dynamic panel analysis under cross-sectional dependence. Sustainability12(24), 10308.

    21. Alam, M. Z., Kousar, S., Shafqat, N., & Shabbir, A. (2020). Drivers and challenges of tacit knowledge sharing in automotive workshop employees. VINE Journal of Information and Knowledge Management Systems.

    22. Shabbir, A., Kousar, S., & Batool, S. A. (2020). Impact of gold and oil prices on the stock market in Pakistan. Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Science25(50), 279-294.

    23. Kousar, S., Ahmed, F., & Bukhari, S. A. A. (2020). Macroeconomic Determinants of Brain Drain in the Era of Globalization: Evidence from Pakistan. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ)4(2), 24-41.

    24. Ahmed, F., Kousar, S., Pervaiz, A., & Ramos-Requena, J. P. (2020). Financial development, institutional quality, and environmental degradation nexus: New evidence from asymmetric ARDL co-integration approach. Sustainability12(18), 7812.

    25. Shabbir, A., Kousar, S. & Alam, M. Z. (2020). Factors affecting level of unemployment in South Asia. Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences.

    26. Alam, M. Z., Kousar, S., Shabbir, A., & Kaleem, M. A. (2020). Personality traits and intrapreneurial behaviour: Moderated role of knowledge sharing behaviour in diverse group of employees in developing country. Asia Pacific Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship.

    27. Shabbir, A., Kousar, S., & Kousar, F. (2020). The role of natural resources in economic growth: new evidence from Pakistan. Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Science25(50), 221-238.

    28. Rehman, W., Khan, R. A., & Kousar, S. (2020). Government revenue and economic growth of Pakistan. Studies of Applied Economics38(3).

    29. Abbas, S., Kousar, S., Yaseen, M., Mayo, Z. A., Zainab, M., Mahmood, M. J., & Raza, H. (2020). Impact assessment of socioeconomic factors on dimensions of environmental degradation in Pakistan. SN Applied Sciences2(3), 1-16.

    30. Azeem, S., Nasir, N., Kousar, S., & Sabir, S. (2020). Impact of e-commerce investment and enterprise performance based on customer relationship management. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation24(9), 9-31.

    31. Kousar, S., Batool, S. A., Batool, S. S., & Zafar, M. (2020). Do Government Expenditures on Education and Health Lead Toward Economic Growth? Evidence from Pakistan. Journal of Research & Reflections in Education (JRRE)14(1).

    32. Bhutta, E., Kousar, S., & Rehman, A. (2020). Mediation Analysis of Factors Affecting the Performance of Public Schools at Early Childhood Level in Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Education36(3), 187-210.

    33. Majid, D. A., Ali, S., Awan, F. A., & Kousar, S. (2020). Kashmir: The Major Source of Conflict between Pakistan and India. South Asian Studies34(2).

    34. Kousar, S., & Masood, D. S. (2020). Factors Promoting Foreign Aid Dependence in South Asian Countries. South Asian Studies32(1).

    35. Kousar, S., Zafar, M., Sabir, S. A., & Sajjad, A. (2019). A Step toward Realization of Vision 2030; Reduction in Child Mortality: New Evidence from South Asian Countries. Journal of Independent Studies & Research: Management & Social Sciences & Economics17(1).

    36. Kousar, S., Zafar, M., Batool, S. A., & Ali, S. (2019). The mediating role of absorptive capacity in the relationship between intellectual capital and organizational innovation in higher education institutes Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences (PJCSS)13(3), 656-679.

    37. Bhutta, E., Kousar, S., & Rehman, A. (2019). Factors affecting the performance of market committees in Punjab, Pakistan: an empirical assessment of performance through smart PLS mediation analysis. Journal of Agricultural Research (03681157)57(3).

    38. Zafar, M., Kousar, S., & Sabir, S. A. (2019). Impact of globalization on green growth: a case of OECD Countries. Journal of Indian Studies5(2), 145-159.

    39. Baig, M. M. A., Kouser, S., & Khyzer-bin-Dost, M. Reformation of the Practices regarding Risk Management in Specialized Financial Institutions of Pakistan: Modified Structure for Regulatory Compliance.

    40. Shabbir, A., Kousar, S., Kousar, F., Adeel, A., & Jafar, R. A. (2019). Investigating the effect of governance on unemployment: a case of South Asian countries. International Journal of Management and Economics55(2), 160-181.

    41. Alam, M. Z., Kousar, S., & Rehman, C. (2019). Role of entrepreneurial motivation on entrepreneurial intentions and behaviour: theory of planned behaviour extension on engineering students in Pakistan. Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research9(1), 1-20.

    42. Shabbir, A., & Kousar, S. (2019). Impact of founder CEO and CEO ownership on entrepreneurial orientation, moderating role of CEO narcissism. Asia Pacific Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship.

    43. Batool, S. A., Batool, S. S., & Kousar, S. (2019). Do Personal and Familial Factors Matter in Women's Familial Empowerment? A logistic model. Paradigms13(2), 41-49.

    44Kousar, S., Batool, S. A., Sabir, S. A., & Zafar, M. (2019). Social, cultural and institutional barriers to female labour force participation. Pakistan Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology17(2), 62-66.

    45Kousar, S., Rehman, A., Zafar, M., Ali, K., & Nasir, N. (2018). China-Pakistan Economic Corridor: a gateway to sustainable economic development. International Journal of Social Economics.

    46. Zafar, M., Kousar, S., Rehman, C. A., & Rehman, M. (2018). Problems faced by international students in private higher education institutions: an exploratory study. Pakistan Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology16(2), 53-60.

    47Kousar, S., Sabri, P. S. U., Zafar, M., & Akhtar, A. (2017). Technological factors and adoption of green innovation: moderating role of government intervention: a case of SMEs in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences (PJCSS)11(3), 833-861.

    48Kousar, S., Rehman, M., & Khaliq, C. A. (2017). Deriving Forces of Macroeconomic Instability: A Case of Developing Nations. GMJACS7(2), 10-10.

Publications of Dr. Saima Liaqat

  1. Institutional Quality and International Capital Flows to the Emerging Economies. iRASD Journal of Economics 3(2), 166-176. September 30, 2021.
  2. Is Economic Growth and Industrial Growth the Reason for Environmental Degradation in SAARC Countries? International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy 11(6), 418-426, 2021 
  3. Economic Viability of Poultry Farmers in Pakistan: A Case Study of District Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Journal of Innovative Sciences, 7(1):142-151. June 05, 2021.
  1. Effect of Openness on Financial Sector Development in Asian Emerging Markets: A System Dynamic Panel Data Approach. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences, 40(4): 1631-1640. December 31, 2020.
  2. An Essay on Consumption Hypotheses: Evidence from Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Humanities & Social Science Research1(3):23-32. June 2020
  3. Inflation, Globalization and Interest Rate Nexus to Curb Price Voltality: An Empirical Cross-Country Analysis. Global Economics Review, 5(1):153-165 Winter. 2020
  4. An Assessment of Technical Efficiency of Tomato Farms in District Lasbela, Balochistan. Journal of Innovative Sciences, 6(1):60-65. June 2020. 
  1. Estimation of Consumption Function for Developing Economies: China, Turkey, Vietnam and Bangladesh. Global Economics Review, 5(1):1-11 winter, 2020. 
  1. Determinants of Rice Productivity in District Nasirabad, Balochistan. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture Sciences,36(2): 567-573.April 28, 2020
  2. An Assessment of the Consumption Function for Iran. European Online Journal of Social and Natural Sciences, 9(2):351-358. Feb 9,2020 
  1. The Nexus of Climate Change and Economic Growth: Time Series Evidence from Pakistan. Journal of Innovative Sciences, 5(1):1-5. June.2019 
  1. The Aid, Macroeconomic Policy Environment and Growth Nexus: Evidence from Selected Asian Countries”, Lahore Journal of Economics, 24(1): 83-102. Jan-June 2019
  2. Assessing Fiscal Behavior of Asian Economies to Foreign Capital. European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences. April. 2019 
  1. Nexus between livestock income and rural livelihood: A case study of Lasbela, Balochistan. Journal of Innovative Sciences, 4(2): 90-94. Dec. 2018.
  2. China Consumption Function: An Empirical Test of Absolute and Permanent Income Hypothesis. Global Economics Review, 3(1): 90-97.Spring. 2018
  3. Impact of Conventional & Unconventional Inputs on Economic Growth of China(An Empirical Analysis of Chinese Economy). Science International, 27(5): 4641-4647. Sep 2015

Publications of Ms. Ramsha Saleem

  1. The Long-run and Short-run relationship between poverty and literacy rate in Pakistan. Pakistan business review, Volume 20, Issue-4, June-2019. HEC approved “X” category Journal

  2.  Demographic Characteristics and women’s Status in Cholistan. South Asian Studies Volume 21, No. 2 July 2006

  3. Measuring and Modeling the Domestic Empowerment of Rural Women in Pakistan, ISSN 1684-8403, Journal of Statistics Vol. 14, 2007

  4. The Impact of Vocational Education on Economic Growth of Pakistan. Bulletin of Business of Economics, 5(2), 83 – 91.

Publications of Dr. Hafsa Batool

  1. Hafsa Batool, Hafeez Ur Rehman, Nabila Ashagar (2020) Key Dimensions and Determinants of women’s Empowerment in Pakistan: Empirical Evidence from Southern Punjab. Journal of the Research Society of Pakistan. Volume No. 57, Issue No. 1

  2. Hafsa Batool, Mumtaz Anwar, Nabila Asghar, Hafeez Ur Rehman, Asifa Kamal (2021) “A nexus between household characteristics and women’s empowerment: A case study of Punjab, Pakistan”. Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews

  3. Hafsah Batool, Nabila Asghar, Hafeezur Rehman, Mumtaz Anwar “Women autonomy and sustainable development: A case of Southern Punjab”, Elementary Education Online

  4. Hafsah Batool, Mumtaz Anwar, Nabila Asghar, Hafeezur Rehman “Women empowerment in perspective of socioeconomics dynamics: A case study of Northern Punjab, Pakistan” Elementary Education Online

  5. Hafsah Batool, Nabila Asghar, Hafeezur Rehman,” Regional diversity of women empowerment in Punjab, Pakistan” Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews 

  6. Muhammad Adnan Riaz, Mariyam Hafeez, Hafsah Batool “COVID-19 and Online Teaching in the Perspective of University Teacher in Pakistan” Elementary Education Online 

  7. Hafsah Batool Lahore, Nabeela Nazly. (2020). The Impact of Socio-Cultural and Demographics Factors on Religious Intolerance in Pakistan. PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology, 17(7), 15953-15958. Retrieved from

  8. Hafsah Batool Lahore, Nabeela Nazly. (2020). Impact Of Working Capital Policies on Corporations’ Returns in The Manufacturing Sectors of Pakistan. PalArch’s Journal of Archaeology of Egypt / Egyptology, 17(7), 15946-15952. Retrieved from

  9. Batool, H., & Nazly, N. (2021). Emotional Intelligence of Secondary School Teachers and Socio-Demographic Factors Nexus: An Empirical Investigation in the District Vehari. VOL. 58 NO. 2 (2021)

  10. Batool, H., & Nazly, N. (2021). Developing a System for Teaching Effectiveness by Student Classification of Teacher Attributes at the University of Lahore College for Women University. VOL. 58 NO. 2 (2021) 

  11. Reehan Hameed, Hafsa Batool, Israr Hussain (2020) Dynamics of domestic debt and implications on economic growth: Evidence from SAARC countries. Journal of Peace, Development and Communication vol.4 page 428-444 

  12. Muhammad Reehan Hameed,Majid Ali, Hafsah Batool(2020) Is External debt a bone or a curse ? Empirical evidence from South Asian Countries. International review of management and business research, vol.9 page 223-232 

  13. Nabeela Nazly, Hafsah Batool (2020) Effect on student satisfaction with the quality management of Higher Education in Pakistan. Journal of Critical Reviews. vol.7 page 4745-4754 

  14. Nabeela Nazly, Talat Sohail,Hafsah Batool (2020) A Nexus between student perception of the learning environment and learning outcomes in Lahore College for Women University of Pakistan. Journal of Critical 4734-4744 

  15. Majid Ali, Abdul Saboor, Shahzada M. Naeem Nawaz, Hafsah Batool. IMPACT OF CORONAVIRUS-19 ON MENTAL HEALTH: A CASE STUDY OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS. EEO. 2021; 20(4): 907-918. doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.04.97 

  16. Reehan Hameed, Hafsah Batool, Arman Khan, Iftakhar Ahmed, Naeem Ur Rehman, “Sustainable Development Goals Challenges and Strategies for South Asian Countries” Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews

  17. Ghulam Hussain, Mariyam Hafeez, Hafsah Batool “Islamic Modes of Finance and Economic Growth: A Mediating Role of Financial Stability in Case of Islamic Countries”

  18. Muhammad Abdullah, Ayza Shoukat ,Hafsah Batool “Employment Implications Of Economic Liberalization: Ardl Based Evidence From Pakistan” Pakistan Journal of Social Research 

  19. Asifa Kamal, Sadaf Malik , Hafsa Batool, Afza Rasul Influence Of Individual And Community-Level Associates Of Contraceptive Use In Pakistan: A Multi-Level Mixed Effect Analysis (Pdhs 2017-18) Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews

  20. Zahida Shabnum, Saima Farooq, Hafsah Batool, “Islamic Culture and Pakistani Women: A Self Perception and Understanding”

  21. Ramsha SaleemAmmara Amjad Hashmi, Hafsah Batool, Muhammad Naeem “Income Diversification by agro Pastoralists in Cholistan Desert Punjab, Pakistan”

Publications of Dr. Ammara Amjad Hashmi

  1. Trends and Determinants of Rural Poverty:  A Logistic Regression Analysis of Selected Districts of Punjab (The Pakistan Development Review.
    PIDE, Isl
    amabad) X Category, 47: 4 Part II (Winter) 4 part II

  2. Determination of Credit Programme Participation and Socioeconomic Characteristics of Beneficiaries: Evidence from Sargodha
    The Pakistan Development Review.
    PIDE, Isl
    amabad, 2008) X Catgory X Category, 47: 4 Part II (Winter) 4 part II

  3. Assessing Food Insecurity Trends and Determinants by using Mix Methods in Pakistan: Evidence from Household Pooled Data (2005-2014) Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 35(1)

  4. Income Diversification by Agro-Pastoralists in Cholistan Desert Punjab, Pakistan (Pakistan Business Review July - September, 2021 Volume 23, Issue 2)

Publications of Naghmana Ghafoor 

1.    Ghafoor, N., Nisa, Mehr-un., & Ghafoor, G. Z. (under review 2023). An empirical investigation of environmental impacts of agglomeration economies in cities of Pakistan. Journal of the Knowledge Economy. (impact factor: 3.3)

2.    Javaid, K., Ghafoor, G, Z., Sharif, F., Shahid, M. G., Shahzad, Ghafoor, N., Hayyat, M. U., & Farhan, M. (2023). Spatio-temporal analysis of land use land cover change and its impacts on land surface temperature of Sialkot City, Pakistan. Scientific Reports. 13:22166. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-023-49608-x. (Impact factor:4.6)

3.    Ghafoor, N., Nisa, Mehr-un., Nisa, Qamar-un. (2023). A Qualitative Assessment of Factors of Migration in Lahore City, Pakistan. Human Nature Journal of Social Sciences, 4(1): 137-150.

4.    Irshad, R., Nisa, M., Ghafoor, N. (2023). Infrastructure and Economic Growth: Evidence from Lower Middle Income Countries. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 14, 161-179. DOI: 10.1007/s13132-021-00855-1. (Impact factor: 3.3, cited by 16)

5.    Ghafoor, N., Nisa, M., Akbar, M. R. (2022). Socioeconomic Determinants of Migration in the city of Lahore, Pakistan. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 13, 3029-3049. DOI: 10.1007/s13132-021-00844-4. (Impact factor: 3.3, cited by 5)

6.    Ghafoor, N., Nisa, M., Fayyaz, S., & Akbar, M. R. (2021). An Empirical Investigation of Socio-Economic Impacts of Agglomeration Economies in Major Cities of Punjab, Pakistan. Cogent Economics & Finance. 9(1). DOI: 10.108023322039.2021.1975915. (cited by 13)

7.    Gulzar, A., Ditta, A., Rehman, H., & Ghafoor, N. (2020). Testing the Validity of Keynesian Military Model of Fiscal Side in Case of Pakistan. Review of Economics and Development Studies, 6(3), 675-686. DOI: 10.47067/reads.v6i3.255. (cited by 1).

8.    Ghafoor, G., Qureshi, E. M., Ghafoor, N., & Shehzad, L. (2014). Health Status and Hygiene Practices in Slums: A Case Study of Lahore, Pakistan. Biologia. (cited by 9).

9.    Khan, N. Y., Ghafoor, N., Iftikhar, R., & Maalik. (2012). Urban Annoyances and Mental Health in the City of Lahore, Pakistan. M. Journal of Urban Affairs. 34(3): 297-315. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9906.2011.00585.x. (Impact Factor: 2.55, cited by 25).


a.    Chapters in Books

1.    Ghafoor, G. Z., Shahid, M. G., Ali, M., & Ghafoor, N. (2023). Ecosystem Services in the Changing Climate: Climate Attention for the Conservation of Tropical and Sub-Tropical Forests (pp. 1-14). Intechopen. DOI: 

Book Title “Tropical Forests - Ecology, Diversity and Conservation Status”.  

2.    Ghafoor, N., Ghafoor, G. Z., Shahid, M. G., Qazi, A., & Ikram, K. (2023-in production house). The Economic Side of the Issue: Water, Energy and Food: Case Studies from Developed and Developing World. 

b.    Conference Proceedings

1.    Ghafoor, N., & Khan, N. Y. (2011).Urban Stress and Mental Health in Indus Basin Pakistan. Presented in Sustainable Development Conference, 13-15 December, 2011 at Sustainable Development Policy Institute, Islamabad, Pakistan.


c.    Project Research Report

1.    Khan, N.Y., Abdullah, Y., Ghafoor, N., & Iqbal. A. (2011). Report of HEC funded Multidisciplinary Research Project titled “Ecosystem Health of the Indus River Watershed: Socioeconomic Impacts and Behavioral Responses of the Communities to the Environmental Degradation in Ravi-Chenab Watershed”. Sustainable Development Study Center (SDSC), GC University, Lahore.

Publications of Dr. Mehrunisa

  1. Irshad, R., Nisa, M., Ghafoor, N. (2022). Infrastructure and Economic Growth: Evidence from Lower Middle Income Countries. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, DOI:

  2. The determinants of stock prices in Pakistan.
    Asian Economic and Financial Review.  Dec 2011, pp-271-296

  3. Impact of Fiscal Decentralization in Improving Public service delivery: A Case Study of Districts in Punjab.
    PUTAJ Humanities & Social Sciences. 2018, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p141-156. 16p.

  4. Socioeconomic Determinants of Migration in the City of Lahore, Pakistan
    Naghmana Ghafoor, Mehr-un-Nisa Journal of the Knowledge Economy,              021-00844-4

  5. An Empirical Investigation of Socio-economic impacts of agglomeration economies in major cities of Punjab, Pakistan.
    Naghmana Ghafoor, Sana Fayyaz, Mehr-un-Nisa
    Cogent Economics & Finance 9 (1),

Publications of Durayab Fatima

  1. Fatima, D. (2014), Education, Employment and Women’s Say in Household Decision Making in Pakistan, (Working Paper No. 04-14). Lahore: Centre for Research in Economics and Business

  2. Javed, N., Rehman, A. and Fatima, D. (2014), Mortgage Finance in Housing Sector of Punjab and Urban Land Records, Journal of Research in Architecture and Planning, (NED University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi) Vol. 16 (1), pp.7-17

Publications of Bushra Mushtaq

  1. Afzal, M., Ahmad, H. K. & Mushtaq, B. (2020). National innovative capacity and knowledge creation in advanced economies: an empirical investigation. Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research, Taylor & Francis Group, Manuscript ID-CIEJ1828046.

  2. Mushtaq. B., & Afzal, M. (2014). Human resource, technology and economic development of Pakistan (A Case Study of Pakistan) Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences, ISSN: 2090-4274, 4(9S) 379-394.

  3. Mushtaq, B., Batool, S. A. & Afzal, M. (2014) Globalization, technology transformation and economic growth (A Case Study of Pakistan) African Journal of Marketing Management (AJMM) ISSN 2141-2421, Vol.6 (5), pp56-67.

Publications of Naghmana Ghafoor

  1. Nuzrat Yar Khan, Naghmana Ghafoor, Rabia Iftikhar, and Maria Malik. (2011). Urban Annoyances and Mental Health in the City of Lahore, Pakistan. M .Journal of Urban Affairs. Volume XXXIV, No.3, pp. 297-315.

  2. Khan, N.Y., Abdullah, Y., Naghmana Ghafoor Iqbal. A. (2011). Ecosystem Health of the Indus River Watershed: Socioeconomic Impacts and BehavioralResponses of the Communities to the Environmental Degradation in Ravi-Chenab Watershed. HEC Project Report.

  3. Gul Zareen Ghafoor , Ejaz Mahmood,  Ahmed Qureshi , Naghmana Ghafoor & Laila Shehzad. (2014). Health Status and Hygiene Practices in SSlums: A Case Study of Lahore, Pakistan. Biologia. Volume LX, No.2, pp. 273-278.

  4. Mehr-un-Nisa and Mohammad Nishat. (2011). The Determinants of Stock Prices in Pakistan. Asian Economic and Financial Review. Volume I, No. 4, pp. 276-291.

Publications of M. M. Munawwar

  1. Azeem, M. M.,Munawwar, S.,&Mushtaq, K. (2012). An Empirical Analysis of factors affecting food (wheat) inflation in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Agriculture Sciences. Volume. LXVIX, No. 2, pp. 199-203. 

Publications of Sajida Wajid

  1. Khalil Ahmad &  Sajida Wajid, (2013). What matter for Economic Growth in Pakistan Fiscal Policy or its composition. Asian Economic and Financial Review. Volume III, No. 2, pp. 196-215.

  2. Zainab Akram, Sajida Wajid, Tahir Mahmood, & Shoiab Sarwar. (2011). Impact of poor Governance of income Inequality on poverty in Pakistan. Far East Journal of Psychology and Business. Volume. IV c., No. 4, pp. 43-55.

  3. Bushra Mushtaq, Syeda Azra Batool and Muhammad Afzal (2014). Globalization, Technology Tranformaton and Economic Development: A case Study of Pakistan. African Journal of Marketing Management, Volume VI, No. 5, pp. 56-67

Working Papers

  1. Duryab Fatima (2014), Education, Employment and Women's Say in Household Decision Making in Pakistan (Working Paper No. 04-14). Lahore: Centre for Research in Economics and Business.

  2. Shafi Mariuam and Asghar, Zahid (2015), Tax Policy and Economic Growth: by using Semi-Parametric Approach, AMTR. MPRA Paper No. 66662.